Be Prepared for Boiling Summer


Preparing for record-breaking heat wave

According to a study by the University of Bristol, 31% of the world’s regions have experienced extreme heat in the last 60 years or so. While these regions are prepared to deal with extreme heat to some extent, they are still ill-prepared in regions such as developed countries like the Netherlands and Belgium and developing countries like Guatemala and Honduras. These regions are at higher risk of heat stroke due to reasons such as the lack of air conditioning and the increased burden on outdoor workers. As global warming continues, measures need to be taken to help these regions cope with record heat waves.

One solution is to install air conditioning systems. This is a more practical measure, but not easy for some poor people. In other words, there is currently a disparity in access to air conditioning facilities, and a fundamental solution will require a large amount of money. Another drawback is that air conditioning systems require a huge amount of energy and thus emit more greenhouse gases, contributing to global warming.

Another measure that can be considered is City tree planting. By increasing greenery and blocking sunlight, not only can the rise in temperature be controlled, but the transpiration effect of plants can also lower the ambient temperature. However, greening can affect local biodiversity if not properly managed. Therefore, it has the disadvantage of requiring a large amount of money and effort not only for the initial investment, but also for maintenance.

The world is now exposed to extreme climate change. We need to understand the extreme heat waves and other extreme weather events that are likely to occur, make the right preparations, and think about how to deal with them.

Here Are the Places Most at Risk From Record-Shattering Heat (The New York Times)

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